Sunday, October 31, 2004

Understanding Islam

Understanding Islam

Role of Zakat in Islam

Zakat an economic system of Islamic State:

The economics of zakah and its relevance to modern times is a hotly debated issue among both religious and liberal Muslims. This series of articles will attempt to explain the concept of zakah in the light of only the Quran and the faithful implementation of this concept by our Muhammad (pbuh). We will see how a similarly implemented system can solve the current economic problems of not just Muslims, but of the whole world. We will first examine the prevailing opinions of both religious and secular Muslims, as well as the prevailing institution of zakah in some so-called Muslim countries.

Religious Vs Secular Arguments

Imams and religious leaders emphasize the importance of zakah explaining that the economic problems of Muslims would be solved if we start practicing, in earnest, this much-neglected pillar of Islam. Most religious Muslims, on the other hand, conceive of zakah as charity. They are content with implementing the religious Shari'ah and Fiqh that was developed by religious leaders and jurists ( Imams and Fuqahaa ) more than a thousand years ago. Even with the reality of global economics, many religious Muslims not only do not understand the complexities and underlying dynamics of the Western economic system, but also do not deem it worthwhile or necessary to study and know it indepth. Although many religious Muslims express displeasure with the Western economic system, blaming it for sucking Muslims' wealth, they themselves do not shy away from trying to profit from it. Many Muslims are heavily involved with stocks, bonds, and other investment instruments offered by this purely capitalistic system, but they continue to expound the benefits of the Shari'ah. They hold conferences on Islamic economics in such bastions of capitalism as Harvard University, but fail to see the contradiction. They twist the Shari'ah to suit the interests of the rich and the powerful in the name of adaptation to “our times.” They give fatwas about halal (allowed), and haram (forbidden), identifying halal stocks on Wall Street as opposed to haram interest in banks. One wonders if they really fail to understand that the very interest, which they consider haram, is, in fact, the foundation of capitalism on which stands Wall Street. How can the branch of a tree be halal if its root is haram?
Secular Muslims, on the other hand, dismiss the idea that zakah has the potential to solve the complex economic problems of today's Muslims. They say the world has changed since the Muhammad's time and that the economic system he implemented is no longer applicable to modern times. They are impressed with the outer glitter of the West and dazzled by its economic achievement. In their opinion, Muslims will be better off economically and politically if they follow the Western system. They claim, in imitation of the West, that religion is a private affair between man and God; therefore, it should not meddle with politics or economics. This classical argument is put forth by secular Muslims who forget that Islam, as a way of life, must include every aspect of a Muslim's life: social, political, and economic. Secular Muslims cut the root of the Islamic tree but hold onto a few branches by calling themselves Muslims. They do not have the courage to leave Islam, but they want Islam to leave them – alone. Again, one wonders how they think a tree can be alive if its roots are cut off. Allah says in the Quran that we have to enter in Islam completely (2:85, 2:208). Therefore, there is no such thing as a partial Muslim or partial Islam. Secular Muslims also forget, or ignore, or fail to realize that it is, indeed, the Western system and its economic policies that have polarized the world into Haves and Have-nots; East and West; Developed and Under-developed; First and Third worlds.

In regard to the prevailing system in many so-called Muslim countries, strangely enough, zakah is based on the way it was set up by the Imams under the direction of the Abbasid kings. Since the Quran does not recognize the existence of kings and priests, they had no authority to develop a Shari'ah for the Muslim masses. Yet, today, we do have a Shari'ah in our hands, which we accept unquestioningly. How was this done? In the first place, the Shari'ah of the Abbasid kings and priests was sanctified by attributing it to the Muhammad (pbuh). Secondly, any critics of the time were silenced by the proverbial carrot and stick. This method was just as effective then, as it is now. Those who refused to bow to any form of pressure would be labeled as infidels and put to death; their writings would be destroyed. In this way, the kings and the priests established their version of the Shari'ah as the truth, to the extent that today, many religious Muslims find the following statements very strange: only the Quran is sufficient for us; we can implement true Islam based solely on the Quran; the prophet (pbuh) left only the written Quran to the Ummah; the Muhammad told Muslims to follow only the Quran; the Muhammad (pbuh) gradually abolished slavery; the companions of the Muhammad (pbuh) were true Mumins who did not deviate from the Quran and the true faith. Well-meaning religious Muslims will quickly quote Shari'ah to refute the above statements, which are perfectly true and found in the Quran. How ironic that the
Quran has been made to appear strange and the man-made Shari'ah made to look like the truth.

The Real Zakat – The First Universal Welfare System

Contrary to the beliefs of both religious and secular Muslims, the Muhammad's achievements were based not on ephemeral but on the permanent values of the Quran. He brought about the greatest revolution – even an economic and political miracle – in human history (see Michael Hart, THE 100, pages 3-10). In a very short time after the prophet migrated to Medina and implemented the system of salaah and zakah, the economic condition of the people changed. (For a detailed discussion about the system of salaah, see a two part article in MONITOR, pages 6-10, September/October 1998, and pages 7-12, December1998/January 1999).

The Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: If a single person were to sleep hungry in a town, then God's protection is lifted from such a town. [ Masnad Imam Ahmad ] This hadith emphasizes that no one (Muslim or non-Muslim) under this system should go hungry. Thus this zakah system created the first universal welfare system in human history. It also gradually transformed the existing slave-based economy to a universal welfare-based economy. By the end of the Muhammad's period, the entire Arabian Peninsula enjoyed economic as well as political security. This system reached its pinnacle during Khalifa ‘Umar's time (again, see Michael Hart, THE 100, pages 261-265), a time when, history tells us, hardly anyone was in need of charity. What has occurred then in the intervening years that the Muslim masses are suffering economic deprivation even though they live in areas with plenty of natural resources.

What Happened.......................

Muslims and non-Muslims alike ask the question: If the system implemented by our Muhammad (peace be upon him) and Sahabaa (r) was so good, why did it not continue? The answer is simple: we changed or abandoned the system implemented by the Muhammad. Instead of deciding matters with open consultation, as the Quran requires, the Ummayad and Abbasid dynastic rulers created a dictatorship under the guise of “ Shari‘iah ” and “ Ijma‘a ”. This was a ploy to fool the people. The rulers first acquired illegal political authority, and then delegated religious authority to Imams appointed by themselves. Thus they hijacked the train of Islam from the track of our Muhammad (pbuh) and his Sahabba (r) and put it on a new track called “ Shari‘ah .” Since then, a minority of the rich and powerful has been riding this train and entertaining their friends while exploiting the vast majority of Muslims along the way. Consequently, common Muslims have continued to live in poverty and to suffer intergenerational economic misery. Islam's system of zakah has had nothing to do with this sad state of affairs.

But The Sermons Go On .......

While the power hungry Muslim rulers, politicians, and autocrats exploit and plunder the God-given resources, the sermons about zakah go on in mosques and convention centers around the world. And while the effective control of Muslim land and its vast resources have slowly passed into enemy hands, the sermons exhorting ordinary, working-class Muslims to give zakah in the name of Islam and the Sunnah of the Muhammad (pbuh) continue. While thousands of children die from malnutrition and lack of medicine, religious Muslims spend millions of dollars on food and decorations to celebrate the departures and arrivals of Hajis (pilgrims) in hundreds of cities and towns around the world. Many religious and rich Muslims firmly believe that performing multiple Haj and Umra is the highway to heaven. While many of the Imams and religious leaders join in and participate in the celebrations of the rich by praising their religiosity, all the while they exhort the poor to be patient and accept their predetermined fate. One wonders why the borrowed Zorastrian concept of predetermination, which favors the rich and powerful and permanently disables the poor and the weak, was inserted and is now faithfully maintained in the books of Shari'ah .

Status Quo Vs Change ................

The big question now looms before us: when and how should we confront these defenders of the status quo? When will we implement the economic system of zakah so effectively demonstrated by our Muhammad (pbuh)? To answer these questions, it is essential that we differentiate between our current concept of zakah and the real meaning and significance of zakah.

Our Present Approach to Zakat

Today, we are taught that zakah is one of the pillars of Islam. zakah is generally translated as charity or poor-due and it is required to be distributed according to the details given in the Shari'ah . However, the descendents of the Muhammad (peace be upon him), generally known as “Syeds” in the Indian subcontinent, are forbidden to take zakah according to this Shari‘ah . No matter how poor, they are considered superior by birth compared to other Muslims due to their supposed relationship with the Muhammad (peace be upon him). Obviously, this is against our messenger Sunnah since he proclaimed justice, fairness, and equality for all, regardless of family or blood relationship.

The dispensation of zakah is regulated by different rates (called shariah) for different items (called nisaab ) whose details are given in books of hadith and Fiqh . Zakat on money is 2.5% of the savings over a period of one year according to the Shari'ah . There are many conditions attached to the giving and receiving of zakah. There is no uniformity even among the Sunnis in the restrictions, rates, and even the items of zakah.

In addition, there are different books of Fiqh and Shari'ah for different Muslim sects or schools of thought! Although Islamic scholars know about these differences in zakah among the Muslim sects, they rarely bring them out into the open, since it is in the interest of these scholars to keep the people ignorant. The differences in zakah among the four Sunni Imams are not as major as among the Sunni and Shi'ia Imams. For example, in Fiqh Jaffariah , there is no zakah on paper currency. So, for the followers of this Fiqh there is no Zakat on bank accounts. When General Zia-ul-Haq, the Pakistani military ruler instituted compulsory zakah in Pakistan, the Shi'ia ‘Ulema revolted against it and refused to abide by the government's zakah ordinance. Ultimately, the government excluded Shi'ias from the yearly bank account deductions. This led many Sunnis to declare themselves Shi'ias on their bank forms to avoid paying zakah on their bank accounts.

Religious Tricks to Avoid Zakat

Some Sunni jurists have been very creative in teaching people how to avoid paying zakah . The Kitab-ul-‘Heil or Book of Tricks teaches Muslims how to avoid zakah while technically fulfilling the requirements of the Sharia'h . In other words, how they can have their wine but not lose jannah: Rind ke rind rahe haath se Jannat na gayee.

Many religious Muslims, who are very particular about prayers, are quick to take advantage of the tricks specified in these books. Like the Jews fishing on the Sabbath, this is tantamount to playing games with the verses of Allah. The Quran reminds us: “ (So Allah's Rusul came to them but) They belied and ridiculed the Rusul and stuck to their positions, creating chaos in society. The result was that people who had established such an unjust society became victims of the circumstances created by themselves and suffered imbalances in their own lives (and were destroyed)”
(30:10). “ It is due to his arrogance that he makes fun of Our Laws. Hence just like the way they ridicule and make fun of the Divine Laws, they will be given humiliating punishment ” (45:9).

Conclusion ..................

Dear sisters and brothers! We must re-turn to the true spirit of the Quran; we must have the courage to follow the Islam of our Muhammad (pbuh), which requires real sacrifice and a drastic change in our lifestyles. We must go back to the Quran as the primary source, and not to the rulings of Islamic scholars from the time of the Ummayad and Abbasid rulers. In Part 2 of this article we will look at the real meaning and significance of zakah - the Arabic word zakah with its root z-k-w , which means growth and development, not charity or poor-due. Keeping this meaning in full view, zakah is supposed to ultimately lead to growth and development of all human beings; it is supposed to remove the need for charity or poor-due in the long term. We will see how zakah not only leads to the economic progress of individuals and all human beings, but to their spiritual progress as well. We will also note the difference between Sadaqaa and Zakat.

Muslim Decline

Today Muslims are living all over the globe. There are 220 million Arabs living in 22 countries, ruled by Arabs. 450 Million Muslims are living in 33 non Arab Muslim countries. The term Darul-Islam is applied to these independent Muslim countries. Muslims, who are living under the rule of non Muslims, such as in India, Europe, North America, Russia, and China, are about 330 Millions. This segment of Muslim population is known as Darul-Harb. Then there are Muslims who are refugees, roaming all over the world, numbering about 20 Million and they constitute 80 % of the world's refugee population. This is called Darul-Muhajireen. There was a time when Muslims were the masters of the earth, controller of the destiny, but today they are on a path of continuous decline. Their Condition is horrible, they face miserable poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, disease and sickness. There is a feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and frustration among the Muslims. They are just living, for the sake of living, without any sense of direction. Neither the rulers, nor the intellectuals of this nation, have any plan, for this huge mass of suffering humanity. It is really painful to see them suffer, despite the best lands, resources, and vast number. It is very important for those, who are concerned about the future of the Ummah, to ponder about as to what is the cause of Muslim decline? What if anything can be done to end this misery?

Muslims had their own social, economic Judiciary and political system of Khilafat, that was established by Mohammed Rasoolullah and the system was further advanced by Kulfae Rashideen (rightly guided successor). After 40 years, the system of Khilafa was derailed, and changed into Kingship, though the rulers continued to call themselves Khalifas. In order to understand the causes of decline of Muslims, one has to know the fundamentals of Khilafa, as follows: -

1. The government is established according to the commandments of Quran, with Allah being the supreme and sovereign ruler of the state. Man cannot be the sovereign.

2. All power belongs to the system, not to the Ruler. Khalifa is merely an agency to conduct the affairs of the state, by the framework given in Quran. When people obey this system, they do not obey any person, they really obey Quran, the word of God.

3. The Khalifa is the central authority, on political as well as religious front. It is his responsibility to meet social, economic and political needs of the people. In Islam the religion and the state cannot be separated.

4. It is the responsibility of the Islamic system, to create the conditions within the state, where equal opportunity is provided for the Psychosocial development of every individual, on the Quranic line.

Political Decentralization :

Tauheed is the most essential element of Islam. It does not mean only the oneness of Allah. It also means one nation under one Allah. Mohammed Rasoolullah established the Islamic state according to Quran. He was the head of the state, performing the political and religious duties simultaneously. After his demise, it was the rightly guided Khalifah who followed the foot steps of the Rasool, with single central authority (markaziah). Subsequently the system was changed to the dictatorial system, where power belonged to the individual rulers, not to the system. Now these rulers were not interested in the religious affairs of people, they took control of the foreign affairs, treasury, defense and trade and left rituals of Salaat , Saum, Hajj, Zakat, marriage, divorce etc. for the Ulema. So the single centralized authority was divided into political and religious wings. The rulers invented the laws to serve their aims and goals and distanced themselves from the guiding principals of Quran. They did not care for immediate and delayed deleterious effects of decentralization of the Ummah.
In dictatorship, whosoever gets the power, does not want to give it up and likes to pass it on to his descendants. The end result of this phenomenon is struggle for power among the successors, and fragmentation of the elite group. This fragmentation does not stop at the upper-level but trickles down to the commoners, who start supporting one leader against the other. In this way the united power of the people, required for the defense of the country, gets misdirected against each other. When Ummayya became weak in this way, they were easily eliminated by Abbassids who in turn were decimated by Tatarees. This is the punishment, Muslims received, for sacrificing the Quranic principal of Tauheed. Allama Iqbal expressed it well: - There is death for the nations, in detachment from the center, There is life for the nations, in attachment with the center.

Religious Sectarianism :

The vacuum left by rulers on religious front was filled by Mullah. Majority of them were also insincere to the cause of Islam. Most were interested in strengthening their power and position. Their power grew parallel to the power of the rulers and they gradually evolved into institutions. The heads of these institutions became so powerful, that their ruling became the last word. They created followers and supporters, slowly personality worship started. As they say, two of a trade seldom agree; Interpersonal jealousy and struggle for power among the Mullahs, divided one nation into numerous sects. Through these so called Ulema, non Islamic, Greek Philosophy of Tassawwuff and Mysticism was introduced in Islam, that had reduced Muslims next to nothing. Today every Muslim proudly identifies himself with the titles of Sunni, Shia, Ahle-Hadith, Ahle- Fiqah, Ahle-Quran, Hanfi, Shafi, Malki, Hanbli, Dewbandi Brailwi so on and so forth. Sufis have not lagged behind, they too have hundreds of Silsilas. The rulers and Mullah have fragmented one Ummah into so many sects that there is hardly any hope of reunion in the near future.

Further ruler and Mullah have developed a reciprocal symbiotic relationship. Ruler gives a special status to the clergy, tax exempt status, to collect tax free money from people. The clergy on the other hand pays it back to the ruler, by justifying the illegitimate actions of the rulers with their fatwas. They brainwash the people not to react against the rulers, and ask them to accept the status quo. Poor is pacified and put to sleep with the statements like; “will of Allah, destiny fate, reward in life after death, hate for this world of materialism, person who suffers here is the dearest to Allah etc.” The purpose of this is to eliminate the spirit of struggle (Jihad) among the Muslims, so that the field can be left wide open to the infidels. To give a sample, look at the verses of Mirza Qadyyani, and pay attention to what he is preaching: - Now, forget my friends, the thought of Jihad In our time, for the sake of deen, haram is Jihad, Now the Masseeh has come, the Imam of Deen This is the end for all the battles for the Deen, Now the revelation has come down to say The fatwa of battle, war and Jihad is nay, He who calls for jihad, is the enemy of God, now Believer of jihad, is denier of my prophethood, now.

Psychological Change in Ummah:

Under the Islamic Khilafah, there is a complete freedom for people to express themselves. As a matter of fact, Islam gives the ultimate freedom because Quran forbids enslaving of the people, even the Rasool does not have the authority to subjugate people. Public is encouraged to surrender to the system not to the Khalifah. In dictatorial system, people do not have freedom to think and speak against the state. If anyone does dare to speak, he just disappears, never to be found. So people become fearful and unconcerned with affairs of state. As a result of this, people learn hypocrisy, and suffer from fear complex. This is why the nation of 1.2 billion people is facing the crisis of altruistic leadership. Muslims are suffering from sickness of hypocrisy for the same reason. They address each other as brother, but act contrary. For the same reason, Muslim states do not trust each other and are plagued with conflict after conflict, purposely created by outsiders, to keep them tangled in their internal disputes. Both rulers and Mullahs are unconcerned with the future of the nation, as long as they can maintain their respective seats of power. Majority of us do not even react with our tongues, leave alone the constructive action. Is this the practice of Islam? Is this the Muslim brotherhood? According to Quran internal conflicts are the AZABUN-ALEEM (severe punishment). Today Ummah is caught in a vicious cycle of internal division, conflict, and weakness. This cycle must be broken by following measures.


As I have discussed that the cause of Muslim fragmentation is because of the loss of a sacred central authority of Khalifah, we must make a sincere effort to re establish the Khilafah. It must be according to Quranic principals. Otherwise, it will be a failure. To achieve this goal is a Herculean task, but can be done, not impossible. Peaceful approach should be taken, through diplomacy, disciplined dialogue and tolerance. In order to succeed step number two must be taken.

As I have discussed that the cause of Muslim fragmentation is because of the loss of a sacred central authority of Khalifah, we must make a sincere effort to re establish the Khilafah. It must be according to Quranic principals. Otherwise, it will be a failure. To achieve this goal is a Herculean task, but can be done, not impossible. Peaceful approach should be taken, through diplomacy, disciplined dialogue and tolerance. In order to succeed step number two must be taken.

Bulk of the Muslims today are non Arabs, living outside the Arab lands, who neither speak nor understand the language of Quran and Prophet Mohammed. All Muslims must learn to read write and speak Arabic language for effective communication. If we can master English, French, Spanish and German, there is no excuse not to learn Arabic. This should be in addition to their other regional languages.

Present system of education is given to us by colonial powers, secular system of education, which orientates us towards Capitalistic mentality. It teaches us, myself first, while Islam wants us to meet the needs of others first. This system of education transplants Western mind on the Eastern shoulder. It must be replaced by Islamic system of education. Allama Iqbal's philosophy of Khudi must be reassessed and practically implemented in the new system of education. This will infuse the ruh of Islam among the younger generation, which will be more community orientated.
In Quranic Islam, there is no place for priesthood or Mullaism. The word Maulvi, Mulla, and Maulana is not used with the names of companions of prophet. This means These titles are the invention of Ajmi Islam. Priesthood is strong arm of Zoroastrianism, Iranians of that time brought with them Mullaism and introduced into the Quranic Islam, during Abbasi period. At present, If one carefully looks around, the newer sects are produced by these Maulvis, through the process of personality worship. Therefore, those madarsas that produce Mullas should be curtailed and gradually abolished, so that further divisions in the nation can be eliminated.

Muslim Economists and scholars should develop models of LARIBA (interest free) economy. Central Islamic bank and regional Islamic banks should be developed to finance these projects. Banking should be part of LARIBA Islamic economy.

In order to present Muslim point of view, entry into the media is of utmost importance. Through this vehicle all negativism against Islam should be challenged. TV, Radio, Magazine and Newspapers must be established. Movies have a very powerful impact on people. So far Muslims have neglected this powerful mean of impacting the public. This should be persued.

The word Hajj is from Hujjat, which means to discuss and find the solution to the problems. At this annual event, must discuss the problems and find the solutions for the problems facing the Ummah. Annual program must be spelled out in front of the Ummah and and in the subsequent year the goals achieved throughout the year should be presented at the next Hajj. This is the place where unified policy of the Muslim world must be charted out. It should become United Nations of Islam. This should be in addition to present rituals of Hajj.


Wednesday, October 27, 2004

Understanding Islam

Understanding Islam

What is Islam

It is a word choosen for a system in which society accept the decree of God and practically implement those laws in thier routine life. Islam is a system which contain every single attribute essential for human personality building, wether it is on individual basis or as a nation. Islam covers every aspect of human life either social, financial, political and matrimonial.The core aim of Islam teaching is to produce such a personality which come's on to the true universal standards of human. All those people who followed Quran outlines will be address as Muslim and the society which they establish's known as Islamic society.

Difference Between Religion and System

Yes, Islam is a system. Islam is not a ‘religion’ in the ordinary sense of the word. Religion is the English equivalent for the Arabic word Mazhah, which does not occur even once in the whole of the Holy Quran. The Quran has, instead, used the word Ad-deen for Islam, which means a particular way of life.

Effect of Islam teachings on human personality

>>Islam upbring's human personality and turn it into a flawless character. It is a beauty of true Quranic teachings which evolves a man into human. Here it is necessary to describe the difference between man & human. Man is a biological nam which has been given to a specie, but human is a character of man only entitled when fulfills the universal standards set by God Almighty.
Religion in this sense came about at an early stage in human development when man was still ignorant of the "how and why" of the working of the universe or the threatening forces of nature lightning, clouds, floods, fire, disease, etc. and quite unable to hold his own against them. In that stage man trembled at the sight of everything more powerful than himself and in trying to appease it, made obeisance in complete surrender and submission.

>>Islam give's protection from negativity, disaster and other core disturbances.

>>Islam is a ladder by which one can reaches the apex of success and growth with safety and confidence.

>>Islam teach's protection give's protection. It establish's peace and harmony for every one so they can live with peace, love and with out any kind of fear.

>>Islam asked every one to abide with Quran laws.Accept those laws with firm belief in it.

>>Islam message is for entire mankind that they must follow the path which is balanced and justful.
It further said that donot invest your time on futile things and shun from shameful activities.

>>Islam teach's that when you will do the things it must be according to Allah Almighty Almighty ( God ) decree. That is a time when your efforts, actions will produce fertile results which not only benefits an individual but enriche's entire humanity and it is an aim of Quranic teachings that every one will get nourishment.

>>The results will be reflected from your actions and due to the effect of those reflection the human personality will be in a state of balance and shinning.

refrence: Islam challenge to religions

Turth About Islam :Islam Essay

Acts of belligerancy are not confined to Muslims alone. Belligerents come from every religion. But the media often uses the term Islamic terrorists or Islamic terrorism, implying terrorism is associated with Islam. It is our duty as a Muslims to present the true teachings of Islam, which is that Islam does not teach terrorism under any circumstances. It forbids killing of innocent civilians. The holy Book of Islam, the Quran, says: "If anyone murders an innocent person ... it will be as if he had murdered the whole of humanity." So, for those who commit's such heinous acts in the name of Islam? It is obvious from the above injunction of the Quran that they do not follow true Islam. Therefore, they must be driven not by Islam but some other desire (such as hate or revenge) to commit acts of terrorism. Muslim around the world greet (or are supposed to greet) each other, and others, using the Arabic words, "Assalamu ‘Alaikum" which means: "peace be unto you."

There is no doubt that some Muslims, while using such a benevolent greeting, carry malevolent intentions in their hearts. The holy Book of Islam, the Quran, condemns such people by saying: "Why do you say that which you do not practice?" Such Muslims, therefore, do not represent Islam. Islam has nothing to do with those who commit acts of terrorism. Therefore, it is wise to differentiate Muslims and Islam. Just as acts of terrorism committed by Christians cannot be attributed to Christianity, acts of terrorism committed by Muslims must not be attributed to Islam or its teachings. There is a popular feeling in the West, and justifiably so, that Islam is a very oppressive and retrogressive religion. But this is based on a wrong perception of Islam, unfortunately, due to the practice of Islam by some countries, notably Saudi Arabia, Iran, and lately Afghanistan. Do these countries practice Islam as they profess they do? The Quran, (unequivocally and unconditionally) says: "There is no compulsion in religion."

However, we see all kinds of compulsion in these countries. The people of these countries are afraid to express opinions in public against the government's practice of Islam for fear of persecution. How can these countries claim to be practicing Islam when they violate its basic principle of compassion and tolerance? They practice "Rajm" (stoning to death) for adultery, although there is no such thing in the Quran. Their rulers invoke God's compassion, mercy and forgiveness. But they show very little or none at all themselves. So, what is true Islam? Islam, an Arabic word whose root is "silm," means peace and protection from danger. Islam is supposed to provide an environment of peace and tranquility for all, Muslims and non-Muslims. It is supposed to protect everyone from external or internal threats and dangers. Since religious tolerance (and respect for other faiths) is among the basic teachings of Islam, it instructs Muslims to fight and to even give their lives, if need be, to protect places of worship of other faiths such as temples, churches and synagogues. If Islam teaches these noble ideals, why is there such a frightening image of Islam in the West? The answer lies in one word: "jihad," and its misrepresentation and misinterpretation in the media. But Muslims are no less responsible for this frightening picture of jihad either.

Tyrant so called Muslim regimes and terrorist organizations routinely invoke jihad, or holy war, to terrorize or kill innocent people to achieve their political agendas. The Arabic word "jihad" means struggle or exertion. There are many levels of jihad: struggling to remove poverty; fighting against material and moral corruption; struggling against social, political, and economic injustices; struggling to restore basic human rights; fighting against tyranny and oppression; constantly exerting to advance human knowledge; fighting against environmental pollution, etc. And jihad in terms of war must be declared and must be for defensive purposes only. No covert operations are allowed in Islam. Above all, jihad must be done for the good of humanity which, in Islam, is referred to as fighting for the cause of Allah Almighty (God). Under no circumstances, are they allowed to exploit the weak and the vulnerable. That is why Islam teaches Muslims to honor treaties and to do justice ­ even to their enemies. It teaches them to establish their system based upon free consultation, justice and equality. These are the teachings of the Quran. However, it is a sad reflection that Muslims seem to have turned away from the above teachings of Islam. American people who are striving for the above ideals are nearer to Islam than many Muslims. Islam is not the custodian of Muslims only. God (Allah Almighty ) says in the Quran that if Muslims were to turn away from its ideals and teachings, then He will raise another people to replace them. Whatever Muslims have done (and are doing) in the name of jihad that is contrary to the above teachings of their holy Book, the Quran, Islam is not responsible for thier actions. They are. And this is truly unfortunate. Because such a beautiful religion as Islam gets maligned in the world because of these vicious acts.


Quran Perspective :Women

There is no doubt that, as per the distribution of responsibilities, there are certain functions particular to the woman (for example, pregnancy, childbirth and the initial care and training of children). For the same reason, her body is built differently from man; and so is her psyche, which helps her with her duties, such as the love and affection for the child, and ability to sacrifice. What a sacrifice ! That it begins with the embryo, which develops with her blood and continues in the form of lactation after birth. The mother has such an abundance of patience and tolerance that she can fulfill all kinds of demands from her child with a smile, without expecting any thanks or reward. This and other similar qualities make women unique.

In Quran

The main rule of the Holy Quran which has made men and women equal to each other. It is said in Soora Al-Ahzab
chapter 33 - verse 35 (O Prophet / Messenger ! The education and upbringing of your household is all the more important, because they have to serve as models for other women. Remember that society consists of both men and women, who have to go through life hand in hand. If one of them lags behind, it is bound to hamper the progress of the other. It should be well understood that there is no difference in the potentialities of men and women; except certain biological differences which have been retained for the posterity of the human race.) Therefore, in an Islamic Society, both men and women should have the following qualities: 1 ) They should totally submit to the Divine Laws; 2 ) This obedience should not be mechanical, but must arise from the very depth of their hearts. They should thus exhibit complete conviction in them; 3 ) They should utilize their developed potentialities according to the Divine Laws; 4 ) They are true to the covenant (9:111) which they have made with Allah Almighty ; 5 ) They remain steadfast when facing adversities, troubles or difficulties ; 6 ) They are always prompt in rendering service to others (like the fruit-laden branch of an easily accessible tree) ; 7 ) They are ever ready to sacrifice all their assets for the sake of the Divine Order ; 8 ) They abstain themselves from all that the Divine Laws prohibit them to do and they bear in mind the restrictions imposed by these Laws; 9 ) They guard their chastity fully ; 10) In short, throughout their lives, at each and every step, they act upon the Divine Laws. These are the people to whom Allah's Law of Mukafat shall provide full protection against all types of doom. They will get great reward for all their efforts and deeds.

The High Status of Women

The notion that women have been created to just fulfill the needs of men has been hammered into the subconscious of women folk to such an extent that women want to present themselves in that way. To men, they should appear attractive. That is the reason the Holy Quran does not mind them showing off in front of father, brothers, sons, etc. since one does not "dress up" to "show off" in front of them with the intent of attracting their attention. It is worth noting that the Quranic Verse next to the one regarding "show off" (33:33), is the declaration of their equality with men. The verse has been quoted earlier, when it is said in Soora Al-Ahzab Verse (33:35).

The Holy Quran tells women that men and women are both equally capable of performing the chores of life; then why should they (women) have the desire to show their adornment off to men. Unlike the Biblical notion that the woman was created to please the man, the Holy Quran has wiped off this concept and said that both the men and the women have not been created just to fulfill the needs of anyone of them. Both have been created to fulfill equally, Allah's programme for this universe. It wants women to be dignified and that is why it is opposed to women showing off their embellishment to men. They are not a commodity which should be made attractive for buyers so that they could fetch a good price. The women who cannot get rid of this desire are told in verse
(7:176) : We wanted to elevate you (with The Holy Quran), but you have embraced the earth by virtue of trailing your lowly desires.

It is hoped that the readers realize the great importance Allah Almighty has given to women as the securer of the world's posterity. Therefore, they should be proud of their unique position and not necessarily copy or envy the opposite sex. Rather than regretting the fact that they are women, they should try to set themselves as equal to men, as Allah Almighty has ordained, and take their rightful position in the human society.


As was mentioned earlier, the governing rule regarding equality will be discussed later. That rule of the Holy Quran is that there is no difference between one human being and another. The Jews believe that Heaven is for anyone who is born in a Jewish home. Non-Jews would not be able to enter Heaven. This is the biggest discrimination between one man and another. No one decides the family he or she is born into. To discriminate against non-Jews on this basis, is not worthy of a true God.

The Christians believe that every child coming into this world carries forward the first sin of Adam and Eve and until and unless he believes in the atonement (of Jesus) he/she cannot have salvation (i.e. cannot enter heaven). It is obvious, no person is born in this world out of his/her own decision. Hence it is unjust to attribute any sin that he/she has no control over. The Hindus believe that all human beings are divided into four groups by virtue of their birth. The Brahmins are born from the head of their God, therefore they have all the respect and power. Khastri, born from the arms are the warriors, commanders and rulers. Waish, born from God's stomach, are the businessmen. Shooder, born from God's feet, are supposed to serve others, especially the Brahmin. They are practically considered non-human. No one can change this distribution. Should this discrimination be from God, then what kind of impression one gets of God! With the revelation of the Holy Quran, all of the aforementioned misconceptions were wiped out with one stroke, when it was said in chatper
Al-Asra - Verse 70 : We have created all human beings to be equally worthy of respect

Hence one cannot discriminate between one human and another by virtue of its birth. All human beings are equally respectable in the eyes of Allah. It is obvious that word `human' includes both men and women. Hence all the injunctions of the Holy Quran are equally applicable, whenever human or people etc. are mentioned, to both men and women.

The fact of the matter is that no boy is born by his own decision to be a boy nor a girl is born by hers. Hence to consider girls (or women) to be inferior to boys (or men) is just like accepting the misconceptions mentioned earlier which have been negated by the Holy Quran. Nevertheless, to consider men superior to women, is against the basic principles of the Holy
Quran and negates God's designs. According to the Holy Quran, superiority depends on the individual qualities (developed personality, character, and one's deeds) and not by virtue of birth. In Islam's basic principles, men and women are equal partners. All these ideas of man's superiority are the creation of the "Islam" manufactured during the era of Muslim monarchy, when the women were auctioned off in the markets. The classical books of Muslim jurisprudence are full of rules and regulations about their trade.

Tuesday, October 26, 2004

Islam Article Links


God Concept

Islamic Ideology

Zikr Remembrance

Why we need Quran

Quran Approach

Essence Of Prayers

Sects In Islam

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Monday, October 25, 2004

Understanding Islam

Understanding Islam

World Divine Religions :Judaism

Judaism Introduction :

Judaism is the oldest and smallest of the world's four great monotheistic religions. About 12 million followers around the world. Most Jewish people in the world live in Israel or the USA. The largest European Jewish community is in France. Judaism does not seek converts. Those who convert to Judaism must undertake the adherence of Torah (Jewish Law), as well as, if they are men, circumcision. The symbol of Judaism is the Magen ( star ) of David.

Holy Book :

The Torah (which Christians call the Old Testament), and chiefly the first 5 books. At least one copy of the Torah, in Hebrew, is kept back in every synagogue in the form of a hand-written parchment tube. The Talmud, a law and explanation on the Torah applying it to life in later and changed circumstances.

Festivals :

In Judaism Hanukkah, the festival of illumination, is celebrated by the lighting of candles and the preparation of traditional potato cakes. Although it is often seen today as a sign of the endurance of the Jewish people, in Christian countries where Christmas is the major festival, Hanukkah has become the Jewish alike with presents given to children.

Sects of Judaism :

Jews are divided according to their beliefs and practices and according to their racial origins. * Ashkenazi Jews* Sephardi Jews

Orthodox Jews:

Orthodox Jews pursue the original knowledge and customs of the faith closely. They believe that the Torah and the Talmud were given by God directly to the Jewish People in, and so they look upon these documents as being God's real words and of the uppermost power, in setting down the traditions and laws of Judaism.
"Ultra-Orthodox" Jews comply with religious laws very firmly. They live in divided communities and follow their personal traditions. To some degree they keep distant from the world around them. The "Ultra-Orthodox" is not a expression that Jews like very much, and it is more acceptable to use the word "Haredi”.

Hasidic Jews :

Hasidic Jews are a sub-group of Haredi Jews, but the two terms are not exchangeable. The crucial basics of Hasidic Judaism are the elevated significance given to theology rather than learning, and the admiration given to the head of each of the many sects within the group.

Jew links:


World Divine Religions :Christianity

Christianity - An Introduction :
There are nearly 2,000 million followers of Christianity globally. It originated in Palestine in the 1st century AD and is founded on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ [4BC-29AD], a Palestinian Jew. There are many diverse variations or "value". The major splitting up is between Orthodox and Western Christianity (which itself is divided into Roman Catholicism and Protestantism).
From the foundation, Christianity has required converting people, however, many Christians today sense there should still be value for what is fine and factual in other cultures and religions.

Basic of Christianity:

* There is only one God. * God has fashioned the earth distinct from him but is believed to be on the go within it. * Humans are formed at a distance from God and are accountable for their own lives. God is judge of all that they do, but also seeks to help them when they go incorrect. * God exposed himself in three 'persons': Father, Son (Jesus Christ) and Holy Spirit. However, these three persons are regarded as a harmony, sharing one 'body'.

Major Branches of Christianity :

* Break of eastern catholic Christendom in the 5th century * 'Great division' between the West (catholic) and the East ( orthodox) circa 1054 * Restructuring in the 16th century, which led to the emergence of Protestantism.

Eastern Churches :

This refers to the orthodox churches. There are over 214 million Orthodox Christians today. The churches extend across Eastern Europe , Slav countries and the eastern Mediterranean.
The come apart with the western church came about because of disagreement over the Pope's claim to highest authority and a section added to the church's dogma. worship of icons is an important part of community and personal worship.

Roman Catholic Church:

Largest of the Christian value, with imminent a billion members. Its genesis are from the Western church of the Middle Ages. It believes in the dominance and power of the Pope, who is conventionally regarded as Christ's spokesperson on earth. When defining matters of trust or ethics what the Pope says is regarded as foolproof and compulsory on all Catholics. Both the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches identify the seven sacraments: baptism, confirmation, marriage, ordination, reparation, extreme unction and the Mass.

Protestant Churches:

They rose out of protest against Roman Catholicism in the 16th century. There are approx. 500 million members. The contentious issues at the Reformation were the authority of the Pope, the authority and accessibility of Scripture and precise meaning of the eucharist (the ritual of sharing bread and wine to represent Christ's body and blood, as he did with his disciples the night before his death). The church rejects the supremacy of the Pope.Emphasis is placed on the authority of the Bible and the traditions of the early church.

Christian links:

^^ www. christianity .com
^^ www. christianity

World Divine Religions :Islam

Islam - largest world religion...and growing :Islam was founded by the prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ), who received the holy scriptures of Islam, the Quran , from Allah Almighty (God) 610 A.D. Islam Arabic for "submission to God" maintains that Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) is the last in a long line of holy messengers, preceded by Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon him). In addition to being devoted to the Quran, followers of Islam (Muslims) are devoted to the worship of Allah Almighty through the Five Pillars: the statement "There is no god but God, and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his messenger"; prayer, conducted five times a day while facing Mecca; the giving of alms; the keeping of the fast of Ramadan during the ninth month of the Muslim year; and the making of a pilgrimage at least once to Mecca, if possible. The Divine book (code of law) of Islam is Quran.

Muslim countries: where Islam is declared as a state religion:

Burkina Faso
Saudi Arabia

Messenger: Prophet of God

Messenger is a person who has received a specific and personal call from God to be a means of communicating God's word. This word may be dealing with the future or it may be shedding light on a current or past situation. The Muslim prophets are the same as Christian and Hebrew prophets and include Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (pbuh). It was an obligation of Prophets to carried every message or decree of God (Allah Almighty) and delivered that to the people (mankind). The message of God (Allah Almighty) has been recorded in scriptures genrally known as Divine Book. God (Allah Almighty) has sent Messengers / Prophets with frequent intervals in different regions but the subject of a message which messengers have delivered were 100 % identical . The job of Messengers were to establish a social system based on divine laws of God / Allah Almighty .

!! The gist of that message is to establish the sovereignty of God (Allah Almighty) on Earth !!

Messenger - Prophet: Islam, Christianity, Judaism

Mohammed - Muhammad peace be upon him
Jesus - Isa peace be upon him
Moses - Musa peace be upon him
David - Daud peace be upon him
Solomon - Sulaiman peace be upon him
Ishmael - Ismail peace be upon him
Lot - Lut peace be upon him
Josehph - Yusuf peace be upon him
Shauib peace be upon him
Abraham - Ibrahim peace be upon him
Noah - Nuh peace be upon him
Jonah - Yunus peace be upon him

Muslim Baby Name

Name is what a person is distinguished by. The Webster Dictionary defines it as a word or a blend of words speaking the individual designation by which a person, animal or place is known. It is a word or words that gives them an identity . It's always a excitment when Allah Almighty endowed you with a child. Baby bring happiness and joy, but also trials and extreme responsibilities. One of the very first parenting duty you have toward your new offspring, besides physical care and ltender, is to give a name which have an Islamic meaning behind it.Please Remember that, just because a name stems from a certain language or society, doesn't mean that it has a good Islamic meaning. Many companions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) replaced their Arabic names, because the meanings of their names reflected ominous.Here we are highly recommending that you verify the names meanings taken from the site with the Quran or Religious scholar.

Popular Muslim Baby Name :


Kindly suggest us more elegant names

Quran Gate Way To Islam

The word Quran according to Arabic linguistic (ibn-e-faris) means "collecting". The Holy Quran is a collection of surahs (chapters) and these surahs are linked with one another in a very synchroned formation. Another reknown arabic Linguistic (Raghib) has described that Quran is a gist of all divine scriptures (books) which Allah Almighty (God) has sent for mankind. Many other linguistics believed that the root of Quran has derived from hebrew language which means "announcement".O Messenger! You should proclaim the attribute of Rabubiyyat (nourishment) of your Rabb (God), Who is the Creator of the universe. Proclaim that the One who has created living beings has also created means for their nourishment. chapter 96, verse:1.

Therefore the word Quran mean's "global, universal announcement" or declaration. The gist of Holy Quran teachings is, that an individual subdue his-her will to the laws of Allah Almighty (God) which is in the book (Quran). But this kind of obedience does'nt abide due to any fear and force (like the fear of tyrants).Here Allah Almighty (God) has said that obedience should be come straight from heart. The one who follows according to Quranic definition of obedience is called Muslim and the system which these muslims establish is known as "Islam".

Quran word of God or word of Man

! Quran Summary

Sunday, October 24, 2004

Basic Islamic Beliefs

Beliefs:Fundamental of Faith

Muslims have 5 key values.
:: Faith in Allah Almighty as the one and only God.
:: Faith in angels.
:: Faith in the judgment day.
:: Faith in the Prophets...
:: Faith in the divine books

Allah Almighty [God]

:: Allah Almighty is the name Muslims use for the God, who formed and rules all. The spirit of conviction for all Muslims is submission to Allah's will. 0 Allah Almighty is everlasting, omniscient, and all-powerful... 0 Allah Almighty has always exists and will forever exist. 0 Allah Almighty knows all that can be recognized. 0 Allah Almighty can do everything that can be done. 0 Allah Almighty has no contour or form... 0 Allah Almighty can't be seen [ as a physical entity ]. 0 Allah Almighty can't be heard [ as we heard each other ]. 0 Allah Almighty is neither male nor feminine. 0 Allah Almighty bestows and penalizes fairly. 0 Allah Almighty is compassionate.0 A faithful can move toward Allah Almighty by abiding laws which are mentioned in Holy Quran. 0 Muslims worship only Allah Almighty because only Allah Almighty is praiseworthy of reverence.

God is only one :

:: Every Muslim must have a faith in God along with these basic attributes of Allah Almighty : 0 God has no offspring, no parents, and no partners. 0 God was not fashioned by a life form. 0 There are no alike, greater, or smaller gods.

In Quran :

:: Allah Almighty is one who has created me and then enlighten me by showing me a right path. Allah Almighty make basic resources available so i can eat and drink. And when I got ail (sick) the Allah Almighty is a one who cured me. And according to the Allah Almighty laws of physical life i will die and indeed Allah Almighty enliven me after death.
chapter 26 verse- 78 - 81

Islam Holy Days

There are only two Muslim festivals set down in Islamic law: Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha ( Eid is a word significance for festival). But there are also several other unique days which Muslims celebrate. Some Muslims disapprove of commemorateing the birthday of the Prophet (pbuh), on the grounds that it is an innovation, and novelty in religious matters are prohibited. Some Muslims say that if amended were made in sacred issues it would entail that Islam was not absolute when it was exposed to the Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) did not tell Muslims everything that was revealed to him. This would be seen as extremely irreverent by many Muslims.

Eid ul Fitr: (1 Shawwal):

This marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting, and is a festival of great celebration. In Islamic countries it is a public holiday.The first Eid was celebrated in 624 CE by the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) with his comrades and kins after the triumph of the battle of Ghazwa-e-Badar. Muslims are not only celebrating the end of fasting, but expressing gratitude to Allah Almighty for the assistance and potency that he gave them throughout the previous month to help them carry out self-control. The fiesta begins when the first view of the new moon is seen in the sky.The festive feeling is enlarged by everyone wearing best or new attire, and decorating their homes.There are extraordinary services out of doors and in masjids, parade through the streets, and of course, a special celebratory meal-eaten during daytime, the first daytime meal Muslims will have had in a month. Eid is also marked as a time of pardon, and making atonement.

Eid ul Adha: (10 Dil Hijja):

This fiesta symbols the end of the Hajj or holy pilgrimage, which is one of the 5 pillars of Islam. though it is celebrated by all Muslims, not just individuals who are on the pilgrimage.
This is a 3-day public holiday in Muslim countries. The festival memorizes the prophet Ibrahim's readiness to sacrifice his son when God decree him to... Messenger Ibrahim (peace be upon him)whole compliance to the will of God is celebrated by Muslims each year. Each Muslim, as they celebrate, reminds themselves of their own submission to God, and their own willingness to sacrifice anything to Allah Almighty wishes. During the festival Muslims who can afford to, sacrifice domestic animals, usually sheep, as a sign of Messenger Abraham's sacrifice. The meat is dispersed among family, kiths and the deprived, who each get a third share.

Ashura: (10 Muharram):

Shi'aat in particular use the day to commemorate the martyrdom of Hussain, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in 680 A.D. It marks two past events: the day Messenger Nuh/Noah (peace be upon him) left the Ark, and the day that Musa/Moses (peace be upon him) was saved from the Egyptians by Allah Almighty.Shi'aat in particular exercise the day to honor the martyrdom of Hussain, a grandson of the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) in 680 A.D. In Shi'aat communities this is a somber day: plays a replica of martyrdom, repeatedly staged and many take part in bereavement ceremony.

Al-Hijra: (1 Muharram):

This carnival celebrates the Hijra (or Hegira) in 622 A.D when the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) moved from Mecca to Medina . Al-Hijra, the Islamic New Year, is the first day of the month of Muharram. It symbols the Hijra (or Hegira) in 622 A.D when the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) moved from Mecca to Medina , and set up the first Islamic state. The Muslim calendar counts dates from the Hijra. There is no precise spiritual service required on this day, but Muslims will think about the broad meaning of Hijra, and observe this as a good time for "New Year Resolutions". The Quran uses the word Hijra to mean moving from a bad place or state of affairs to a good one - and so Muslims may believe about how their belief helps them leave behind bad ways of living and attain a healthier life. The date marks the opening of Islam as a community in which pious and earthly life were completely incorporated. It was a community inspired by God, and totally obedient to God; a group of people bound as one by faith.

By breaking the connection with his own clan the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) established that tribal and family loyalties were unimportant compared to the bonds of Islam. This Muslim community grew progressively over time, unifying the many tribes that had made up the Arab world in advance. Islam now evolved as a joint spiritual and earthly community, with political and military power working hand in hand with spiritual authority and direction. At the same time the community developed the religious and ethical codes of actions that still provide the base of Muslim existence.

Lailat al Qadr (27 Ramadan):

The fiesta of The Night of command symbols the night in which the Quran was first opened to the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) by Allah Almighty. Muslims observe this as the most important event in history, and the Quran says that this night is better than a thousand months (97:3), and that on this night the angels come down to earth. This is a festival that Muslims spend in study and prayer. Some will spend the whole night in prayer or in reciting the Quran. The date of 27 Ramadan for this day is a customary date, as the Messenger Muhammad (pbuh) did not tell us when the Night of Power would be, although he suggested it was in the last 10 days of the month. As of this, many Muslims will treat the last 10 days of the month of Ramadan as a mainly fine time for prayer and understanding the Quran.

Saturday, October 23, 2004

Understanding Islam

Understanding Islam

Muslim Scientist

Muslim Scientist
Western Scientist and Scholars Words on Science

*The universe is ruled by mind and whether it be the mind of a mathematician or of an artist or of a poet or all of them.It is the one reality which gives meaning to existence, enriches our daily task, ecouraged our hope and energizes us with faith wherever knowledge fails.[ Einstein ] *He who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe is as good dead and his eyes are closed. [ Einstein ]

*When we stand and gaze upon the scene before us we grow to feel a part of it. Something in the communicates with something in us. Communion brings us joy and the joy brings us exaltation.[ Western Scholar]

*Can anyone seriously suggest that this directing and regulating power eleminated is change encounter of atoms? can the stream rise higher than its fountain?[ Professor William Macberamid]

*The more we know the more we find there is to know, the farther we go, the greater is our joy. The deeper we penetrate the higher is our exaltation. So on and on we shall go laymen and scientists alike, we shall never stop, because the lure is too great.[ Western Scholar]

*All things by immortal power near and far hiddenly to each other linked are, that thou cannot stir a flower without the trembling of a star.[ Francis Thompson ]

Muslim Scientist- Name / History


Jabir Ibn Haiyan, the alchemist Geber of the Middle Ages, is generally known as the father of chemistry. Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan, sometimes called al-Harrani and al-Sufi, was the son of the druggist ( Attar ). The precise date of his birth is the subject of some discussion, but it is established that he practised medicine and alchemy in Kufa around 776 C.E. In his early days, he practised medicine and was under the patronage of the Barmaki Vizir during the Abbssid Caliphate of Haroon al-Rashid. He shared some of the effects of the downfall of the Barmakis and was placed under house arrest in Kufa, where he died in 803 C.E. Jabir's major contribution was in the field of chemistry. He introduced experimental investigation into alchemy, which rapidly changed its character into modern chemistry. On the ruins of his well-known laboratory remained after centuries, but his fame rests on over 100 monumental treatises, of which 22 relate to chemistry and alchemy. His contribution of fundamental importance to chemistry includes perfection of scientific techniques such as crystalization, distillation, calcination, sublimation and evaporation and development of several instruments for the same. The fact of early development of chemistry as a distinct branch of science by the Arabs, instead of the earlier vague ideas, is well-established and the very name chemistry is derived from the Arabic word al-Kimya , which was studied and developed extensively by the Muslim scientists.


Abu Abdullah Mohammad Ibn Musa al-Khawarizmi was born at Khawarizm (Kheva), south of Aral sea. Very little is known about his early life, except for the fact that his parents had migrated to a place south of Baghdad. The exact dates of his birth and death are also not known, but it is established that he flourished under Al- Mamun at Baghdad through 813-833 and probably died around 840 C.E. Khawarizmi was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer. He was perhaps one of the greatest mathematicians who ever lived, as, in fact, he was the founder of several branches and basic concepts of mathematics. In the words of Phillip Hitti, he influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other medieval writer. His work on algebra was outstanding, as he not only initiated the subject in a systematic form but he also developed it to the extent of giving analytical solutions of linear and quadratic equations, which established him as the founder of Algebra. The very name Algebra has been derived from his famous book Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah . His arithmetic synthesised Greek and Hindu knowledge and also contained his own contribution of fundamental importance to mathematics and science. Thus, he explained the use of zero, a numeral of fundamental importance developed by the Arabs. Similarly, he developed the decimal system so that the overall system of numerals, 'algorithm' or 'algorizm' is named after him. In addition to introducting the Indian system of numerals (now generally known as Arabic numerals), he developed at length several arithmetical procedures, including operations on fractions. It was through his work that the system of numerals was first introduced to Arabs and later to Europe, through its translations in European languages. He developed in detail trigonometric tables containing the sine functions, which were probably extrapolated to tangent functions by Maslama. He also perfected the geometric representation of conic sections and developed the calculus of two errors, which practically led him to the concept of differentiation. He is also reported to have collaborated in the degree measurements ordered by Mamun al-Rashid were aimed at measuring of volume and circumference of the earth. The development of astronomical tables by him was a significant contribution to the science of astronomy, on which he also wrote a book. The contribution of Khawarizmi to geography is also outstanding, in that not only did he revise Ptolemy's views on geography, but also corrected them in detail as well as his map of the world. His other contributions include original work related to clocks, sundials and astrolabes.

To Read More About Muslim Scientists:

Muslim Scientist page 2
Muslim Scientist page 3
Muslim Scientist page 4
Muslim Scientist page 5
Muslim Scientist page 6

Islam and Quran Glossary

Glossary Of Islamic :Quranic Terms

This section of site provides an understanding with the general words and terminologies discussed by Islam. We have collected this information through authenticated resources. The terms which are shown over here are selected from numerous in numbers but we have choosen those islamic terms which are most commonly used in our daily discussion.

Allah Almighty - the word written in Quran. It is an Arabic word denoting the one to whom everyone surrender, who is meant to be worshiped and who creates all that exists.The Allah Almighty is a word which has been choosen by Almighty itself as its name and the rest of the names are its attributes or characteristics. It is the same word as in Hebrew, the Jews use for God (Eloh).

Allah u Akbar - In plain words it mean Allah Almighty is Great.But when we ponder on this word then we come accross with this reality that by only establishing the laws of Allah Almighty on every inch of land and on ourselves is a true essence of this term.

Amirul Mumineen - Commander of the believers. Title of the leader of the muslims after the death of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).

Al-Akhirah - Next world, hereafter - the day where results of every person action will be shown.

Ansar - Ansar means the 'Helpers - historical background of the word refers to the Muslims of Madina who helped the Muhajirin (immigrants) of Makka at the time of hijrat.

Al-A`rab - the bedouin - lives in the desert or the countryside of Arabia.

Arafat - Arafat is a pilgrimage site, about 26 kilometers east of Makkah al-Mukaramah.

Assalamu 'Alaikum - Assalamu 'Alaikum means 'i care for your well being.' Greeting of the Muslims. The response to this greeting is 'Wa 'Alaikum Assalam,' and i care for your well being too. These are not only words but pure inspiration reflected from one muslim brother to his other muslim brother.

Ayah - Ayaat: means sign, ayaat Allah Almighty means sign of Allah Almighty wether it is in cosmos, human biological life, mountains etc etc. Quran is full of these ayaats and asked believers that why they are'nt pondering on it.

A.H.(After Hijrah) - Hijrah means emigration. The Islamic calendar starts from the year Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) emigrated from the city of Makkah to Madinah, in 622 A.D.

Al-An'âm - Cattle.The name of chapter 6 (surah) of Holy Quran.

Al-A'râf - Hieght.The name of chapter 7 (surah) of Holy Quran.

Al-Anfâl - Spoils of war, booty.The name of chapter 8 (surah ) of Holy Quran.

Al-Anbiyâ - Prophets.The name of chapter 21 (surah) of Holy Quran.

Al-'Ankabût - Spider.The name of chapter 29 (surah) of Holy Quran.

Al­Ahzâb - coalition,combined forces,clans.The name of chapter 33 (surah ) of Holy Quran.

Al-Ahqâf - wind, curved sandhills,dunes.The name of chapter 46 (surah) of Holy Quran.

Al-'Adiyât - Courser, chargers. The name of chapter 100 (surah ) of Holy Quran.

Al-'Alaq - Clot, read.The name of chapter 96 (surah) of Holy Quran.

Al-'Asr - Declining day, Epoch.The name of chapter 103 (surah ) of Holy Quran.

Click For more Quranic Terms

Quran Facts

The Quran Facts section is to illuminate the bonafide reality of this universe and everything which has been or is or will be the part of this universe has come in the Quran. Following are the refrences according to the subject whereby Quran has discussed about it.

Phenomena Of Nature And Quran
Quran Medical Science

Quran Physics

Quran Anatomy

Quran Universe

Quran Genetics

Quran Earth

Quran Biology

Quran Astronomy

Quran Marine Life

Quran Zoology

Quran Botany

Quran Laws

Quran - Laws

Chapter 1: State Affairs

The Code of Laws in an Islamic State
The Entire Ummah Shall Take Part in the
System Based on Consultation
Standard for the Assignment of Ranks
The State Administration
The Decisive Word
Party System
Religious Hierarchy
The Ingredients of an Islamic State
The Position of Non Muslims in an Islamic State
International Relations

Chapter 2: Government Agencies

Instruction For Government Employess

Chapter 3: Justice

Basic orders about the enforcement of justice
Corporal Punishment
Testimony ( Evidence )
Circumstantial Evidence

Chapter 4: Injunctions

General injunctions for Family Life :
The Status of Man and Woman
Relations Between Husband and Wife
Age for Nikaah
Mutual Consent
Ceremony for Nikaah (Marriage)
Forbidden for Marriage (Muharramaat)
female Captives
Facilitations for Marriage
Sexual Intercourse
Object of Sexual Intercourse
Object of Matrimonial Life
Strained Relations
Waiting Period for a Divorce (Iddat)
Custody (Children of Divorced Parents)

Removal Of Misconception

Chapter 5: Inheritance And Testament

The Inheritance of an Orphaned Grandson

Chapter 6: Sexual Relations And Crimes

Adultery (Fornication)
Sodomy and Female to Female Manipulation
Preliminaries that Incite Adultery
Immodest Actions
Presenting honourable Women or
spreading Gossipsaboutthem
False Accusation (Calumny)
Rebellious Women

Chapter 7: Protection Of Life

Importance of human life

Chapter 8: Protection Of Property

Easy Money

Raffle and Lottery



Mortgage [ Pledge ]

Riba [interest on loan ]

Trade [selling ]

Breach of Trust

Chapter 9: Treaty [ Obligations ]

Chapter 10: Prohibited [ Unlawful & Lawful ]

The state of extreme helplessness

Intoxicants [ Phychoactive Substances ]

Chapter 11: Injunctions for Social Livings

Moderation in Expense

Physical and Mental Capabilities


Absurd and Immodest Talk


Thoughtfulness to Ponder and to Comprehend



Social Relations

Good Behaviour

Co-operation (Mutual Assistance)

Mutual Contacts

Promise (Commitments)

Visiting other People's Home

Etiquettes of Assembly


Backbiting (Slandering)

Nicknaming others



Public Exposure of Others


Ridiculing of Divine System

Crooked Reasoning

Anger (Rage)


Self-Correction (Mending one's ways)

Do not Bully People with your Virtues

Chapter 12: Rumors

Chapter 13: Miscellaneous


Tyranny and Excess

Conspiracy and Secret Counseling

The Mutual relations of Individuals in the Society

Chapter 14: Pertaining to Economy

Chapter 15: Basic Human Rights

Chapter 16: Relationship between crime and Punishment

Qisaas [ Blood Money ]